# Relationship between frequency pitch amplitude and volume

### Pitch and Volume in Sound Waves - Video & Lesson Transcript | balamut.info

The relationship between the speed of sound, its frequency, and wavelength is the the sound from the low-pitch instruments would lag behind the high-pitch ones. Adjust the frequency or amplitude (volume) and you can see and hear how. Amplitude is important when balancing and controlling the loudness of Frequency is the speed of the vibration, and this determines the pitch of the sound. The technical term for pitch is frequency and the frequency referred to here is how many times The loudness of a sound wave is determined from its amplitude.

So increasing frequency increases pitch and a doubling of the frequency is an increase of one octave. For notes that are not too high including these increasing the frequency also increases the loudness, as mentioned above, and as discussed in more detail in another page. So frequency has a big effect on pitch, but also affects loudness and timbre.

In the past, the tuning varied both with time and geographical location. In orchestras, there has a tendency for the frequency of A to rise.

Most of us agree that changing the frequency by a given proportion gives the same pitch change, no matter what is the start frequency. For more about pitch, frequency and wavelengths, go to Frequency and pitch of sound.

Amplitude, intensity and loudness Here the signal has a frequency of Hz throughout, but the amplitude increases by a factor of two. You will notice a modest increase in loudness.

You may also notice changes probably small in pitch and timbre. Envelope, spectrum and timbre All the other perceptual properties of a sound are collected together in timbre, which is defined negatively: Here are six musical notes. What does it mean to say that a bell note, which dies away gradually, is as loud as a sustained violin note?

So these sounds all have different timbres, which is how we can tell that they come from different instruments. The top graph is the microphone signal proportional to the sound pressure as a function of time. Notice the substantial differences here.

The orchestral bell and the guitar share the property that they reach their maximum amplitude almost immediately when struck and plucked, respectively. No more energy is put into them, and energy is continuously lost as sound is radiated and much more is lost due to internal lossesso the amplitude decreases with time.

Of the others, the bassoon has the next fastest attack: We should add that, for the wind instruments and violin, the rapidity of the start depends on the details of how one plays a note.

### Pitch, loudness and timbre. From Physclips

Nevertheless, the faster start of the bassoon is typical. This series shows us that the envelope is very important in determining the timbre. But, what does 'pitch' mean when it comes to sound? We know that sound travels in waves, and that those waves are characterized by their wavelengths, amplitudes, and other parameters.

## Pitch, loudness and timbre

If the two tones I just played come from different sound waves, then what exactly about the waves is different between the two? In this lesson, we're going to explore the more familiar characteristics of sound, like pitch and volume. We'll talk about what these mean in terms of the sound waves we've learned about so far in this chapter. By the end, you'll have a deeper understanding of how sound works and maybe appreciate music a little bit more. Amplitude in Sound Waves Plucking a guitar string creates longitudinal waves in the air, which produce sound.

Let's start by recalling a few things about sound waves.

While sound can travel through all types of substances, we're going to use air as the medium in our examples here. A great way to visualize longitudinal waves in air is to think of the sound coming from a guitar string. When you pluck the string, it vibrates from side to side, pushing the surrounding air molecules in a periodic fashion. The compressions and rarefactions in the air comprise a longitudinal wave, which we detect as sound.

If we could look at just one air particle, we would see it oscillating back and forth. Sometimes the particles move back and forth over a very large distance.

Other times, the particles oscillate just a little ways. The amount of oscillation in the particles of the medium is related to the amount of energy carried by the wave. Can you remember which of the five wave parameters describes a wave's energy?