When King Uzziah Died Sermon by Joel Sumagaysay, Isaiah - balamut.info
Richmond, Virginia. This paper submits that Isa. i vi ) stems from Uzziah's days 2) .. direction. It is even more significant for the sequential connection. Uzziah was the father of King Jotham. Ministering during Uzziah's reign were the prophets Hosea, Isaiah, Amos, and Jonah. The kings in the northern kingdom. The death of King Uzziah caused Isaiah to see the Lord. When King Uzziah died Isaiah surrendered his life. Who this King Related Media.
Commerce revived, and the riches of the nations flowed into Jerusalem.
Uzziah's name "spread far abroad; for he was marvellously helped, till he was strong. This outward prosperity, however, was not accompanied by a corresponding revival of spiritual power. The temple services were continued as in former years, and multitudes assembled to worship the living God; but pride and formality gradually took the place of humility and sincerity.
Of Uzziah himself it is written: The sin that resulted so disastrously to Uzziah was one of presumption. In violation of a plain command of Jehovah, that none but the descendants of Aaron should officiate as priests, the king entered the sanctuary "to burn incense upon the altar.
Uzziah was filled with wrath that he, the king, should be thus rebuked.
But he was not permitted to profane the sanctuary against the united protest of those in authority. While standing there, in wrathful rebellion, he was suddenly smitten with a divine judgment. Leprosy appeared on his forehead.
In dismay he fled, never again to enter the temple courts. Unto the day of his death, some years later, Uzziah remained a leper--a living example of the folly of departing from a plain "Thus saith the Lord.
So Uzziah started off as a good king, but when he became strong his heart was lifted up to his destruction. He was struck with a divine judgment leprosy when he refused the counsel of 80 priests who tried to reason with him about his rebellious course of burning incense. He was confined to a house, until the day of his death, and his son Jotham took his place in judging the people of the land See Prophets and Kings Isaiah the Prophet The reign of Uzziah was drawing to a close, and Jotham was already bearing many of the burdens of state, when Isaiah, of the royal line, was called, while yet a young man, to the prophetic mission.
The times in which Isaiah was to labor were fraught with peculiar peril to the people of God. The prophet was to witness the invasion of Judah by the combined armies of northern Israel and of Syria; he was to behold the Assyrian hosts encamped before the chief cities of the kingdom. During his lifetime, Samaria was to fall, and the ten tribes of Israel were to be scattered among the nations.Uzziah
Judah was again and again to be invaded by the Assyrian armies, and Jerusalem was to suffer a siege that would have resulted in her downfall had not God miraculously interposed. Already grave perils were threatening the peace of the southern kingdom. The divine protection was being removed, and the Assyrian forces were about to overspread the land of Judah. But the dangers from without, overwhelming though they seemed, were not so serious as the dangers from within. It was the perversity of his people that brought to the Lord's servant the greatest perplexity and the deepest depression.
By their apostasy and rebellion those who should have been standing as light bearers among the nations were inviting the judgments of God. Many of the evils which were hastening the swift destruction of the northern kingdom, and which had recently been denounced in unmistakable terms by Hosea and Amos, were fast corrupting the kingdom of Judah.
The outlook was particularly discouraging as regards the social conditions of the people. In their desire for gain, men were adding house to house and field to field. Justice was perverted, and no pity was shown the poor.
Of these evils God declared, "The spoil of the poor is in your houses.
Uzziah - Wikipedia
Even the magistrates, whose duty it was to protect the helpless, turned a deaf ear to the cries of the poor and needy, the widows and the fatherless. With oppression and wealth came pride and love of display, gross drunkenness, and a spirit of revelry. And in Isaiah's day idolatry itself no longer provoked surprise. Iniquitous practices had become so prevalent among all classes that the few who remained true to God were often tempted to lose heart and to give way to discouragement and despair.
It seemed as if God's purpose for Israel were about to fail and that the rebellious nation was to suffer a fate similar to that of Sodom and Gomorrah.
In the face of such conditions it is not surprising that when, during the last year of Uzziah's reign, Isaiah was called to bear to Judah God's messages of warning and reproof, he shrank from the responsibility.
He well knew that he would encounter obstinate resistance. As he realized his own inability to meet the situation and thought of the stubbornness and unbelief of the people for whom he was to labor, his task seemed hopeless Prophets and Kings, During Isaiah's life as a prophet, God's people faced 5 peculiar problems: The invasion of Judah by the combined armies of Northern Israel and Syria.
The Assyrian forces encamping themselves before the chief cities of the kingdom.
The fall of Samaria. The ten Tribes of Israel scattering among the nations.
When King Uzziah Died
The repeated invasion of Judah by Assyria. God removed His divine protection because materialistic prosperity corrupted the people Isaiah 5: It may be that there was a later reburial of Uzziah here during the Second Temple Period.
Amos dated his prophecy to "two years before the earthquake, when Uzziah was king of Judah and Jeroboam son of Jehoash was king of Israel" Amos 1: Over years later, the prophet Zechariah predicted a future earthquake from which the people would flee as they fled in the days of Uzziah Zechariah Geologists believe they have found evidence of this major earthquake in sites throughout Israel and Jordan.
Masonry walls best display the earthquake, especially walls with broken ashlarswalls with displaced rows of stones, walls still standing but leaning or bowed, and walls collapsed with large sections still lying course-on-course. The earthquake was at least magnitude 7. This severe geologic disaster has been linked historically to a speech delivered at the city of Bethel by a shepherd-farmer named Amos of Tekoa.
Currently, the stratigraphic evidence at Gezer dates the earthquake at BC, plus or minus 25 years,  while Yadin and Finkelstein date the earthquake level at Hazor to BC based on stratigraphic analysis of the destruction debris. The reference to Jeroboam II is helpful in restricting the date of Amos' vision, more so than the reference to Uzziah's long reign of 52 years. These dates are consistent with the dates given by the archaeologists above for the earthquake.
Further chronological notes[ edit ] The calendars for reckoning the years of kings in Judah and Israel were offset by six months, that of Judah starting in Tishri in the fall and that of Israel in Nisan in the spring. For Uzziah, the Scriptural data allow the narrowing of the beginning of his sole reign to some time between Nisan 1 of BC and the day before Tishri 1 of the same BC year.
For calculation purposes, this should be taken as the Judean year beginning in Tishri of BC, i. Some writers object to the use of coregencies in determining the dates of the kings of Judah and Israel, saying that there should be explicit reference to coregencies if they existed.
That Messiah would, as all professing Christians understand, be revealed as Jesus Christ. Speaking of Jesus, John Isaiah is referred to 13 times as the son of Amoz, which may suggest that his father was a man of some prominence. If so, this would make Isaiah first cousin to King Uzziah, and a grandson of King Joash—and thus a man of the palace, being of royal blood.
Growing up in such an environment, he would have been familiar with international relations and other affairs of state. According to the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmud, Isaiah was martyred when King Manasseh, apostate son of Hezekiah, had him fastened between two planks and "sawn asunder" to which Hebrews Instead it attributes this section to a later unknown author it calls "Deutero-Isaiah," i.
Others have argued for a third author Trito-Isaiah for chapters The New Testament, however, quotes from all three sections of the book, attributing each quote to the one biblical prophet Isaiah himself compare Isaiah 1: Why do critics try to post-date Isaiah?
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Mainly because Isaiah accurately prophesied future events. For example, Isaiah names the Persian ruler Cyrus years before he came to power, Isaiah The critics, you see, have a choice: They have gone with the latter solution—redating the prophecies, moving the date of composition forward a few centuries so that the prophecies appear to have been written after all of the prophesied events had already occurred.
This has been true of "higher criticism" for most prophetic books. But with Isaiah, resolution is not achieved by merely pushing the date forward.
The critics have had to distort the book—attributing various parts of it to the fraudulent writings of between two and five authors! To understand, we must remember the "fundamental axiom of criticism.
Starting with this assumption, the scholar then looks to history for a historical context into which each prophet can be fit.