Paul Zindel's 'The Pigman' is a novel of growing up and loss. While John, Lorraine, and Mr. Pignati's relationship is the focus of the novel, other characters, . Whilst John has a bad relationship with his father, Lorraine has a terrible relationship with her mother, who tells her repeatedly that she is not at. Everything you ever wanted to know about John Conlan in The Pigman, written by masters Lorraine tells us that John is "extremely handsome" (2), and John.
When John and Lorraine go to Mr. Pignati treats John and Lorraine with warmth and respect, and they accept his invitation to visit again. Gradually, John and Lorraine begin spending most of their free time with Mr. One day, while playing tag with John and Lorraine, Mr. Pignati has a heart attack. John calls an ambulance, and when the paramedics arrive, he and Lorraine pose as Mr.
The teenagers continue the ruse during visits to the hospital to see Mr. Pignati, who gives them free access to his home. One night, John throws a large, noisy party at Mr. Pignati returns home to find his house in shambles, and John and Lorraine are arrested. In an attempt to make amends, John and Lorraine invite Mr.
Pignati to go to the zoo to see BoBo. When the three friends arrive, they discover that BoBo had died the week before. Pignati, distraught by the news, suffers a fatal heart attack. The novel ends with John and Lorraine pondering the part they played in Mr. Suggest that students visit this site to learn more about intergenerational relationships from another point of view. At the time this study guide went to press, the Web site was in operation.
Before assigning students to visit the site, check to ensure that the site still exists. Further Reading for the Student Be sure to preview all media links to determine whether the material is appropriate for your class. Discuss with students certain stereotypes associated with the behavior of the young and the old. Give students examples of the problems, such as divided families, alcoholism, loneliness, and alienation.
Ask students whether they think that teenagers in the past coped with the same kinds of problems that teenagers face today. Ask students why such problems might not have been addressed in fiction before the s. Tell students to be alert to the problems that the teenagers in the novel face and compare them with the problems that adolescents face today.
Then ask them how they feel about such people. Have half of the groups brainstorm words that describe the behavior of teenagers and the other half brainstorm words that describe the behavior of senior citizens. Then have groups share their lists. Ask the class what their ideas suggest about the way that society says teenagers and senior citizens should behave. Alert students to pay special attention to characters who behave in an unconventional way.
From Childhood to Adolescence Introduce students to the coming-of-age novel. Explain that adolescence is often marked by a need for independence and by a distrust of and disillusionment with authority figures. What was the source of the conflict? How was it resolved? The activities that follow will help you present the novel in ways that meet the needs and interests of all readers.
Less-Proficient Readers Assist students in identifying the narrator of each chapter. Before students read, explain that John narrates the odd-numbered chapters and Lorraine narrates the even-numbered chapters. Discuss the importance of Sigmund Freud to psychology. The third omen that this was going to be a bad day was when we went into the nocturnal room of the Mammal Building. The whole room is pretty dark so you can see these animals that only come out at night, like owls and pottos and cute little vampire bats.
Gifted and Talented Help students identify the characteristics of a particular genre. Then have students apply the definition to the novel to determine whether it truly is an epic. Ask students to present their conclusions in a brief oral report or persuasive essay. English-Language Learners Help students cope with slang and other unfamiliar words. Encourage students to use contextual clues to determine the meanings of slang terms and other unfamiliar words.
To prepare students for the reference to Freud, explain that he is known for founding a branch of psychology called psychoanalysis. Further explain that psychoanalysis is a method of treating people who have emotional disorders by having them talk freely about their early childhood and past experiences.
John & Lorraine's Relationship in The Pigman
On the board, write the following passage from chapter 6 of the novel, and ask students to define the underlined terms based on clues in the passage.
Would they still be friends? Would they still think about Mr. Would they be pursuing their career ambitions? Pignati and a figure or a picture of a pig to represent Mr. Ask students to include at least six items and to attach a brief note to each item explaining its significance in the novel. Listening and Speaking Remembering Mr. Students should express what Mr. Pignati is charged with contributing to the delinquency of minors. Have students choose roles prosecuting attorney, defense attorney, Mr.
Pignati, witnesses, jury members and rehearse the scene. Remind the students to use their imaginations but to remain true to the characters as they are portrayed in the novel. Then have students perform the scene for the class. Encourage students to use visual aids in their presentations. Pignati in The Pigman.
Have students read it after they have finished reading the novel. Have them judge which of the two comes across as the most interesting and explain why. The Treasure of Lemon Brown In this short story, a teenager who is upset with his father learns a valuable lesson about the importance of family. Invite volunteers to share their experiences with the class.
The Pigman Character Analysis | balamut.info
Pignati will affect their relationships with their parents and why. BLM page 34 This poem describes how two people attempt to escape their loneliness. This article describes the loneliness that teenagers feel and steps that parents can take to alleviate it.
You may wish to use it to introduce the major themes of loneliness and alienation or to sum up how the characters feel and why. Use it to introduce the unusual friendships in The Pigman. Both John and Lorraine: Chapters 6—8 How She Looks: How She Treats Lorraine: What She Thinks of Men: Chapters 9—11 Sample answers are underlined. When John was ten years old, his father gave him beer. As a result of this experience, John now likes to drink alcoholic beverages. Jensen was expecting Lorraine, Mr.
As a result, Mrs. Jensen now distrusts men. As a result, Mr. Pignati now feels lonely. Pignati finds his home in disarray. John and Lorraine get arrested. Both apologize to Mr. The three go to the zoo to visit BoBo. Pignati has a fatal heart attack when he learns that Bobo died. Lorraine blames John for Mr. John realizes that what he makes of his life is up to him.
Norton wants to know if Mr. Pignati has any possessions worth stealing. Pignati and wants to protect him. Some may feel that John is right to blame his parents: Others may feel that he is old enough to take responsibility for his bad habits. John and Lorraine confess that they are high school students; Mr. Pignati confesses that his wife is dead. The three seek to develop a relationship built on trust. Lorraine is so overcome with emotion that she is faint. John quickly realizes what has happened and calls an ambulance.
John and Lorraine pretend to be Mr. Pignati at the hospital. Most students will agree that John and Lorraine would like to be Mr. Evaluate and Connect 6. Students may say that the realia make the story more realistic, more vivid, easier to understand, or more fun to read and would miss the realia if they were omitted.
They apologize because they feel guilty about deceiving him. Students will probably say that apologizing eases their guilty consciences.
John wants to impress Lorraine. He is falling love. Recall and Interpret 1. He is trying to be more mature and less destructive. Jensen thinks that Lorraine is unattractive.
John and Lorraine call Mr. Pignati, pretending to represent a charity. John enjoys the prank; Lorraine does not. She seems to be more thoughtful and compassionate than John. Conlan installs a lock to prevent John from tying up the telephone line. John pours glue into the lock. Both are unable to communicate and have a poor relationship. Pignati is friendly, thoughtful, and generous.
Students should see that he is lonely and in need of company. Some may believe that Mr. Pignati is too gullible or too generous to be believable. Others may believe that he is eccentric but believable. John would probably say that Lorraine is his best friend. He might value her admiration of him, her honest feedback, and her willingness to join in his pranks. Lorraine might say that John is her best friend. She might value his good looks and his companionship.
Students should connect their experiences with those of the characters. Her life is similar to that of the zoo animals in that: The first omen is the antagonistic peanut seller, the second is the peacock attack, and the third is the smirk on the face of the little boy. All three draw attention to Lorraine. Conlan wants John to work on Wall Street as a broker for the coffee exchange. John hates the idea and wants to be an actor because he feels that acting will allow him to use his imagination.
He says that his wife is visiting his sister in California. He smiles and does not correct her. He feels affection for Lorraine and may wish that she were his daughter. Evaluate and Connect 7. Students who disagree may argue that John and Lorraine sometimes use overly sophisticated language and have insights that only adults could have. John has long hair, wears disguises, sometimes dons a funny pin, forms odd friendships, refuses to follow school rules, and rebels against his parents.
John might express his individuality through tattoos, body piercings, and so on. Answer Key continued from previous page 3. Lorraine dreams that Mr. The dream foreshadows Mr.
John is upset because the pigs are dear to Mr. They symbolize his loving relationship with his wife. They held a noisy, unauthorized party at Mr. Conlan also will die someday. John would probably consider love and friendship to be very important. Lorraine would probably consider love, friendship, and being a good parent to be very important. Zindel took out a newspaper ad in which he offered to housesit. The owner of a vacant castle asked him to occupy it.
A teenaged boy and an old man. The boy inspired John; the old man helped inspire Mr. It brought chills because it brought to the surface memories that he had repressed. Students may say that Nonno Frankie helped Zindel forget his troubled home life, develop a sense of confidence, and be proud of his individuality.
Nonno Frankie also helped to inspire Mr. Nonno Frankie and Mr. Pignati are Italian, tell corny jokes, like Italian delicacies, and enjoy being with young people. Nonno Frankie had children; Mr. The Treasure of Lemon Brown 1. He is doing poorly in school, and his father is angry with him. Greg thinks of gold coins. Lemon Brown values these items because his son carried them with him when he went to war. Greg prevents Lemon Brown from being robbed and beaten. Pignati and Lemon Brown befriend young people to help fill a void left by the death of a loved one.
Both confide in young people and change their lives for the better. The boy roller-skates; the speaker rides her bicycle. Lines 3 and Students might say that the personification helps readers picture the attempt to escape loneliness. The escape from loneliness is compared to floating in a cloud of pink azalea petals. The three reach out to others. Students will probably agree that it is better to reach out than to run away.
According to the article, loneliness is the most troubling problem. The article states that most teenagers live in broken homes or households in which both parents work. Some students might respond that it is not a contradiction to need both privacy and attention because both are necessary to healthful emotional development.
The Pigman Study Guide 3. Some may respond that cliques and peer groups fill a useful need by making teenagers feel less lonely. Others may respond that they are a poor substitute for a family. Teenagers are learning to be independent, an independence that takes many parents by surprise. The article advises parents to try to understand their teenagers.
Students may respond that teenagers should try to understand their parents, communicate openly and honestly with them, and trust their judgment. Students may say that Mr. Jensen would most benefit from reading the article. Conlan tries to force his values on John, and Mrs. Conlan does not pay enough attention to him.
Jensen berates Lorraine and does try to understand her. Lines 1—12 describe what the two people might be. Lines 13—16 describe what they are. A scoop of ice-cream and an ice-cream cone; a fishhook and a bucket of worms; a plate of spaghetti and spaghetti sauce.
All the comparisons are between things that go together. The comparisons suggest that the two people are not yet close or affectionate. He compares himself to a New Jersey mosquito and the person to whom he is talking to a Balinese goat. This suggests that the future of their relationship is bleak. The speaker would probably say that he looks for friends whose personalities and interests are similar to his. Lorraine meets John when he sits next to her on a bus.
BoBo, the baboon, means a lot to Mr. Pignati because he is lonely and the baboon responds to him. Conlan suggests that John see a psychiatrist. Pignati dies of a heart attack. Evaluate and Connect any 2 1. Some may say that John and Lorraine indirectly caused Mr.
Others may say that the two had nothing to do with his death because they did not cause his heart condition or kill BoBo.
Students who agree that the parents are irresponsible may cite Mrs. Students who disagree might respond that the author sufficiently develops the characters. Students may say that it means that we fail to live life to the fullest because we are preoccupied with our own interests and because we fail to reach out to others. The Pigman probably is successful now because it triggers discussions with kids about problems that are very important to them.
P aul Zindel, the author of The Pigman, had a difficult childhood. He grew up without his father, he had a stormy relationship with his mother, and he had very little self-esteem. Zindel was born in on Staten Island, New York. He was raised by his mother after his father abandoned the family when Zindel was only two years old.
In search of work, his mother moved the family fifteen times during his childhood and adolescence. Instead, he withdrew inward, observing the world around him from a distance.
In his autobiography, The Pigman and Me, Zindel writes: He quit his job as a teacher to begin writing. Encouraged by an editor who had seen the play, Zindel wrote the novel The Pigman, a book that became a favorite of generations of teenaged readers and their teachers. Zindel Breaks New Ground Most reviewers of young adult literature credit The Pigman, along with several other novels published during the s, with establishing a new category of literature, the young adult YA novel. He says that he likes storytelling.
It is a haunting story. The book is startling and truthful and vivid. The Pigman does just that. The novel opened the door for other realistic fiction for young adults. Although The Pigman is more than thirty years old, it continues to speak to the needs and interest of teenagers.
John wants to be accepted as the individual he is and has dreams of becoming an actor. Lorraine has few friends, loves to read about psychology, and wants to be a writer. The lessons that they learn through their experiences with Mr. Pignati change the way they see themselves and the world around them. During this period, public protests against racial discrimination and the war in Vietnam helped create a climate of rebelliousness against authority.
Some teenagers openly rebelled by engaging in bad habits such as smoking, drinking alcoholic beverages, and using profanity. Teenagers held marches and sit-ins against the draft, demanded that their schools give them a voice in what they studied, and struggled to gain greater political power. Staten Island residents are able to reach Manhattan by ferry. A borough is a political division unique to New York City.
The other four boroughs, in order of size from largest to smallest, are Brooklyn which until the s was a separate cityQueens, Manhattan, and the Bronx. Zindel catches the bright, hyperbolic sheen of teen-age language accurately and with humor. Journal In your journal, describe your friend and explain why you value his or her friendship.
Setting a Purpose Read to find out how and why two teenagers become best friends. Some novels begin with a prologue, or short introduction. The Pigman has two first-person narrators, John and Lorraine. Pay special attention to the comments that John and Lorraine make about each other. For example, friends may be the same age and go to the same school, yet have very different opinions and personalities. So it is with John and Lorraine. As you read the first five chapters of The Pigman, fill in the Venn diagram below with the ways in which John and Lorraine are similar and different.
Use the sample answers as models.
John & Lorraine's Relationship in The Pigman | balamut.info
Analyzing Literature Recall and Interpret 1. John Conlan is good-looking, trouble maker. He drinks, smokes, argues with his parents. Lorrain describes John saying, 'He pretends he doesn't care about anything in the world, and he's always ready with some outrageous remark, but if you ask me, any real hostility he has is directed against himself.
John most definitely takes advantage of Mr. Pignati, but he grows to really like him, too. More than anything, John wants to be appreciated for his individualism. That is something he only gets from Lorraine and Mr. Lorraine Jensen is sensitive and empathetic. Someday, she wants to be a writer. Lorraine is hesitant to get involved with Mr. Pignati, but can easily be persuaded by John, especially if it provides her an escape from her critical mother.
John says, 'The way her old lady talks you'd think Lorraine needed internal plastic surgery and seventeen body braces, but if you ask me, all she needs is a little confidence. She feels sorry for Mr. Pignati, but really cares about him.
She feels guilty when John takes advantage of Mr. Pignati and tries to act as his conscience. Pignati is a reminder of what can happen to any of us as the people we build our world around die. John describes his first impression of Mr. Pignati, 'He was in his late fifties and was pretty big, and he had a bit of a beer stomach.
But the part that slaughtered me was this great big smile on his face. Pignati is lonely since the death of his wife, Conchetta.