» Israel-Morocco Relationship
"Secret" Israeli-Moroccan business is increasingly visible, despite the North African country sharing no official relations with Israel and growing. Rabat – It was a dramatic moment when the Israeli Judoka, Timna Nelson-Levy, won the gold medal in the Agadir Grand Prix in Morocco. Israel-Morocco relations. Moroccan soccer fans trying to snatch an Israeli flag at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow after. June 20, , pm. Israeli World.
Zionist curiosity was naturally piqued by Lebanon, an Arab country with a sizable non-Muslim population enjoying political predominance. During the war of —, some right-wing militias were Israel's allies, and after the assassination of President Bachir GemayelIsrael and Lebanon signed an agreement on 17 May which was a peace treaty in all but name. The Lebanese legislature ratified the treaty by a margin of 80 votes, but in a very weak and unstable domestic position president Amine Gemayel abrogated the peace treaty on 5 March under unrelenting Syrian pressure, after the U.
Marines withdrew and after Israel had begun withdrawing from Lebanon.
Foreign relations of Israel
During the Syrian Occupation of Lebanon —it was highly unlikely that Lebanon would sign a peace treaty with Israel before Syria, as Syria's influence on Lebanese politics was strong; however, the Syrian Occupation withdrew from Lebanon, yet the Iran—Syria—Hezbollah axis remained through the heavy arms presence. However, Lebanon was under the Syrian Occupation, which took over the treaties and negotiations.
In Augustafter the clash between Hezbollah and Israel, Lebanese Prime Minister Fouad Siniora said that Lebanon would be the "last Arab country to make peace with Israel" because of the large number of civilians that were killed in the Lebanon War.
Since the yearand due to many wars with Hezbollah, Israel treats Lebanon as an "enemy state",  although it is considering the possibility of a non-aggression pact. Following the September signing of the Israeli-Palestinian Declaration of PrinciplesMorocco accelerated its economic ties and political contacts with Israel.
In SeptemberMorocco and Israel announced the opening of bilateral liaison offices. Israel—Qatar relations Qatar and Israel do not currently have diplomatic relations, although they maintained economic relations between and Qatar is a major financial supporter of the Palestinian Sunni-Islamic fundamentalist group Hamas.
Are Moroccan-Israeli relations warmer than expected ?
Saudi Arabia Main article: Israel—Saudi Arabia relations InSaudi Arabia announced the end of its ban on Israeli goods and services, mostly due to its application to the World Trade Organizationwhere one member country cannot have a total ban on another. It calls for Israel's withdrawal from territory occupied in June in order for peace with the Arab states; then-Crown Prince Abdullah extended a multilateral peace proposal based on withdrawal in At that time, Israel did not respond to the offer.
In Saudi Arabia again officially supported a resolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict which supported a full right of Palestinian refugees to move to Israel, which generated more official negative reactions from Israeli authorities. Israel—Syria relations and Iran—Israel proxy conflict Syria's relations with Israel are very poor, due to Syria's close ties with the anti-Israel militant group Hezbollah and the Islamic Republic of Iran.
- Is a growing interest in Israel on the rise in Morocco?
- Beyond Judo: The Routinizing Effect in Israel-Morocco Relations
- The open secret of Israeli-Moroccan business is growing
SinceSyria has accepted the import of apples from farmers in the Golan Heightsterritory that it claims, through the Quneitra crossing. This was a result of the ongoing Israeli refusal to accept apples from Golan farmers reportedly due to over-supplywhich led to a plea by the farmers to the Syrian government to accept their produce before it became spoiled in order to prevent economic collapse. Insome 10, tons of apples grown by Druze farmers in the Golan Heights were sent to Syria.
Israel—Tunisia relations Tunisia participated in the Yom Kippur Warsending 1,—2, troops to fight alongside a coalition of Arab countries against Israel. Expressing "surprise", the Israeli Foreign Ministry said: Israel—Turkey relations Turkish firefighting plane sent to aid Israel, Turkey was the first Muslim-majority nation to formally recognize the State of Israel,  only one year after the Declaration of the Jewish State 28 March Israel was a major supplier of arms to Turkey.
Military, strategic, and diplomatic cooperation between Turkey and Israel were given high priority by the governments of both countries, which shared concerns with respect to regional instabilities in the Middle East.
Kibbutz Hatzerim retains 20 percent and Netafim remains headquartered in Israel. The company declined further requests to comment on its investment in Morocco. The Israeli media regularly reports the signing of trade agreements, financial transactions or co-operation programmes with government authorities or the private sector Historic links Although the Moroccan authorities downplay any ties, commercial links in agriculture, the military and technology have existed for decades, as have cultural and people-to-people ties, said Maddy-Weitzman.
A quarter of a million Jews once lived in Morocco, which is still home to the largest Jewish community in the Arab world.
Moroccans are frequent participants at Israeli agricultural high-tech fairs, and thousands of Israeli tourists visit Morocco every year, he added. However, Moroccan politics remain divided over their relationship with Israel. Significant, albeit limited, cooperation can also be found in agriculture. Morocco supplies Israel with agricultural produce such as sardines and olives, while Israel supplies Morocco with professional knowledge and technological equipment.
Morocco also attracts agricultural entrepreneurs because it does not impose agriculturally-related taxes and even provides subsidies. In this context, some Israeli farmers established farms in Morocco and are growing almonds, dates, olives, and citrons there. However, the most striking cooperation takes place in the civil sphere, and is reflected in the exchange of delegations, the preservation of the Jewish-Moroccan heritage, festivals and music events, cinematic creations taking place in Morocco and Israel, cross-border research, student exchanges, and more.
In June alone, three Moroccan civil society delegations arrived in Israel, joining a long list of delegations from Morocco in recent years.Ethnicities of Israel: Moroccan Israelis
Amir Peleg The human movement between Israel and Morocco, and the media coverage and attention on social networks it enjoys, make the relations commonplace, and generate what can be called the "routinization effect". The frequent contacts between the two countries, which take place in various sectors, are transforming the reality on the ground while making the parties involved more used to Israeli-Moroccan interactions.
Beyond Judo: The Routinizing Effect in Israel-Morocco Relations
The media coverage in Morocco, even if not always positive, encourages open and courageous dialogue in Morocco on issues related to relations with Israel and to Israel's relations with the Arab and Muslim world. Thus, the Moroccan public is becoming less sensitive towards signs of public cooperation, and the routinization effect gradually stretches the boundaries of cooperation.
The cooperation between Israel and Morocco takes place despite movements in Morocco that support the Palestinian cause and call to boycott Israel.
These movements, that influence Moroccan public opinion through the media and social networks, operate within the professional unions and mobilize the Moroccan public for protest. For example, they led protests against the activity in Morocco of the Israeli shipping company ZIM, and against the selling in Morocco especially during Ramadan of Israeli-made Majhul-type dates.
These protests have had limited success to date.