BBC Bitesize - KS3 History - Mary Queen of Scots and the Reformation
She inherited a bad relationship with France from her predecessor Queen Mary I. France were big supporters of Mary, Queen of Scots, who Elizabeth had. Why was Mary Queen of Scots a threat to Elizabeth I and what problems did Elizabeth They did not recognise the marriage of her mother, Anne Boleyn, to her. In Mary married her cousin and heir to the English throne, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. The marriage was not a happy one. Darnley was jealous of Mary's .
They claimed Rizzio was having an affair with Mary and was using this as leverage to gain influence in court. Darnley and the nobles burst in upon the heavily-pregnant Mary as she was having supper with Rizzio and five close friends, including Bothwell.
The group dragged Rizzio from the table into the next room and stabbed him 56 times.
BBC Bitesize - GCSE History - Challenges to Elizabeth's rule - Edexcel - Revision 8
After the birth their son, James in JuneDarnley and Mary's relationship continued to deteriorate. In Februarythere was an explosion at the house where Darnley was staying just outside of Edinburgh.
His body was found outside, giving rise to speculation that he had escaped the blast but had then been murdered. Bothwell was exiled and Mary forced to abdicate in July She was imprisoned in Lochleven Castle, Kinross-shire and her infant son James was made king. Having escaped from Lochleven inonly for her army to be defeated at the Battle of Langside near Glasgow, Mary fled to England to seek refuge from her cousin, Elizabeth I.
Mary, Queen of Scots, and the Earl of Bothwell
Elizabeth I Mary had hoped Queen Elizabeth would support her cause but her arrival in England put her cousin in a difficult position. The Catholic Mary also had a strong claim to the English throne so Elizabeth had her imprisoned and kept under surveillance. Over the next 19 years, Mary became the focus of numerous Catholic plots to assassinate Elizabeth and put her on the English throne. As Mary was not directly involved in these plots Elizabeth was reluctant to act against her.
Then inMary corresponded with Anthony Babington who was plotting to depose Elizabeth. This was to be her downfall. The letters were intercepted by Elizabeth's spymaster Francis Walsingham.
- Mary, Queen of Scots
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This was the evidence he needed to convince Elizabeth that, while she lived, Mary would always be a danger. Regent Arran resisted the move, but backed down when Beaton's armed supporters gathered at Linlithgow.
The arrests caused anger in Scotland, and Arran joined Beaton and became a Catholic. English forces mounted a series of raids on Scottish and French territory.
Mary's guardians, fearful for her safety, sent her to Inchmahome Priory for no more than three weeks, and turned to the French for help. On the promise of French military help, and a French dukedom for himself, Arran agreed to the marriage. In June, the much awaited French help arrived at Leith to besiege and ultimately take Haddington.
On 7 Julya Scottish Parliament held at a nunnery near the town agreed to a French marriage treaty. BeatonSetonFlemingand Livingston. Mary and Francis in Catherine de' Medici 's book of hoursc.
She was considered a pretty child and later, as a woman, strikingly attractive. Henry commented that "from the very first day they met, my son and she got on as well together as if they had known each other for a long time". Under the terms of the Treaty of Edinburghsigned by Mary's representatives on 6 JulyFrance and England undertook to withdraw troops from Scotland and France recognised Elizabeth's right to rule England.
However, the seventeen-year-old Mary, still in France and grieving for her mother, refused to ratify the treaty. King Francis II died on 5 Decemberof a middle ear infection that led to an abscess in his brain.
BBC - History - Mary, Queen of Scots, and her lover
Only four of the councillors were Catholic: Even the one significant later addition to the council, Lord Ruthven in Decemberwas another Protestant whom Mary personally disliked.
She joined with Lord Moray in the destruction of Scotland's leading Catholic magnate, Lord Huntly, in after he led a rebellion in the Highlands against her. Elizabeth refused to name a potential heir, fearing that to do so would invite conspiracy to displace her with the nominated successor.
However, when her uncle, the Cardinal of Lorrainebegan negotiations with Archduke Charles of Austria without her consent, she angrily objected and the negotiations foundered.
Challenges to Elizabeth's rule
Mary was horrified and banished him from Scotland. He ignored the edict, and two days later he forced his way into her chamber as she was about to disrobe. She reacted with fury and fear, and when Moray rushed into the room, in reaction to her cries for help, she shouted, "Thrust your dagger into the villain!Elizabeth I (1533-1603) Queen of England
Chastelard was tried for treason, and beheaded. Darnley's parents, the Earl and Countess of Lennoxwho were Scottish aristocrats as well as English landowners, had sent him to France ostensibly to extend their condolences while hoping for a potential match between their son and Mary.