The relationship is largely one of servant and master. If you look at opening of the exchange, Ariel starts with "All hail, great master!" After that, many expressions. Ariel is a spirit who appears in William Shakespeare's play The Tempest. Ariel is bound to serve the magician Prospero, who rescued him from the . clear that Shakespeare's Ariel and his relationship with Prospero reflects more closely the. Here the magician Prospero is ruler of the isle with his two servants Caliban and Ariel. When Prospero was shipwrecked on the island Prospero treated him kindly but their relationship changed when Caliban tried to rape Prospero's daughter, Miranda. How Does the Relationship between.
Both Ariel and Caliban are acutely aware of their subservience role. The relationship between Prospero and his slave Caliban is obviously a difficult one. He quite obviously resents Prospero as master of the island and indeed himself.
Although Ariel is not quite human himself, his magical abilities give him a great deal of power over Caliban and make him an indispensable servant to Prospero. The Tempest by William Shakespeare We have so large base of authors that we can prepare a unique summary of any book. How fast would you like to get it? We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
Ariel (The Tempest) - Wikipedia
Caliban does seem much more aware of this than Ariel, even claiming that Prospero has taken advantage of this. Ariel, although lacking human emotion, seems to crave the approval of his master as the play progresses. The theme of freedom versus control in The Tempest is very important.
Prospero, having drawn Caliban away from his savagery and towards modernity, believes that Caliban owes him a debt of gratitude. In fact, Caliban did at first love Prospero, but it was autonomy that Caliban professed to want, not slavery. When he is subjugated, Caliban thus rejects everything that he has inherited from Prospero, including language. Caliban essentially feels betrayed, and this is evident in the tone that is used to address Prospero in his first speech: Cursed be I that did so His rebellious attitude is a reaction to his feeling that he is being unjustly used and subjugated.
Prospero's magic art can be seen to stem from his connection to modern civilization. One can see how he utilizes his art, akin to modern technology, in order to suppress and subjugate. He is portrayed as a colonizer who exploits the innocence of his subjects to his own advantage. Prospero uses his power over Caliban in a malicious, vengeful manner. He influences Caliban by intimidating him with threats of bodily discomforts and annoyances. Caliban dramatically emphasizes the extent of this power when explaining why he does not simply run away: Whereas Prospero uses his magic in order to subjugate Caliban, he uses it in order to free Ariel from the curse of Sycorax.
The submissive attitude of Ariel in his relationship with Prospero stems from the debt that this engenders in him towards his master. Is there more toil? Since thou dost give me pains, Let me remember thee what thou hast promised, Which is not yet performed me I will be correspondent to command And do my spriting gently.
In a sense, he is repaying the debt he owes to Prospero by willingly subjugating himself to him. Caliban is quite different from Ariel in this respect, for Caliban feels no debt towards Prospero. Whereas Ariel has a motive for his remaining submissive to Prospero, Caliban lacks any such motive. Lacking any feeling of debt in his relationship to Prospero, Caliban thus develops the rebellious and accusatory attitude that characterizes him through much of the work.
One of the most significant differences in character that separates Ariel from Caliban is the way in which each uses language. Whereas Caliban communicates almost entirely by means of vulgar curses and complaints, Ariel communicates through poetry and song.
It betrays a mind at ease with his environment, a mind in which creativity and wit have sufficient room to develop. Caliban, unlike Ariel, is not of the mind to produce anything remotely similar to poetry or song.
Caliban has entirely rejected language itself: The red plague rid you For learning me your language! This is not surprising, for Prospero has given Caliban the tools of communication and self-knowledge, but has failed to give him the freedom and self-responsibility with which it is necessary to enjoy them.
Curtsied when you have and kissed, The wild waves whist, Foot it featly here and there; And, sweet sprites, the burden bear.
The Tempest – Ariel, Prospero and Caliban – a very wonky triangle - Blogging Shakespeare
Ariel's language here is pleasant and musical, clearly the product of a clever mind, yet it possesses none of the insight and import that is characteristic of similar characters in other Shakespeare works, such as The Fool in King Lear. It is not until the second half of The Tempest that one can accurately make any judgements on the characters of Ariel and Caliban. It is possible to view Caliban in the first half of the work as a slave who is rebelling against his oppressive master.
Yet when Caliban encounters Stephano and Trinculo with their "celestial liquor," he willingly subjugates himself to them. Caliban does not ask them for his freedom, as would be expected.
Rather, he begs them to be his master, even his god. Caliban thus shows himself to be incapable of autonomy. In his relationship to Stephano, Caliban is even more pathetic than in his relationship to Prospero, for he abandons his rebellious attitude for one of hero-worship and grovelling. By putting himself in willing slavery to Stephano, who is no more than a drunkard and a buffoon, Caliban shows himself to be truly in a pathetic state.
The vicious curses that he had constantly sent to his old master Prospero are replaced by requests to lick the shoe of his new master. A drunk Caliban even attempts a poetic song for the first time, and makes a fool of himself by stumbling over his name: Caliban becomes a more sympathetic character in the second half of the work.