Columbia and Snake Rivers Cruise
Confluence, Snake and Columbia Rivers. Burbank, Washington. View northwest, up the Columbia. Two large, slackwater rivers converge in the desert. Lewis and Clark traveled down the Snake and reached the Columbia River on October 16, The men set up camp on a point where the Snake meets the. My wife and I visited the Sacajawea State Park and Interpretive Center last week and had a great experience. Located 5 miles southeast of Pasco, Washington at the confluence of the Snake and Columbia rivers, is acres of Sacajawea State Park land. Sacajawea State Park is.
Evidence exists that Spanish castaways reached the shore in and traded with the Clatsop ; if these were the first Europeans to see the Columbia, they failed to send word home to Spain. Many ships in the area, especially those under Spanish and British command, searched the northwest coast for a large river that might connect to Hudson Bay or the Missouri River.
The first documented European discovery of the Columbia River was that of Bruno de Hecetawho in sighted the river's mouth. On the advice of his officers, he did not explore it, as he was short-staffed and the current was strong.
Later Spanish maps based on his discovery showed a river, labeled Rio de San Roque,  or an entrance, called Entrada de Hezeta. Royal Navy commander George Vancouver sailed past the mouth in April and observed a change in the water's color, but he accepted Meares' report and continued on his journey northward.
Gray reported that he had seen the entrance to the Columbia and had spent nine days trying but failing to enter. Gray's fur trading mission had been financed by Boston merchants, who outfitted him with a private vessel named Columbia Rediviva ; he named the river after the ship on May The farthest point reached was Grays Bay at the mouth of Grays River.
Broughton formally claimed the river, its drainage basinand the nearby coast for Britain.
In contrast, Gray had not made any formal claims on behalf of the United States. Beacon Rock is visible on the left. Detail from the Lewis and Clark expedition map. Because the Columbia was at the same latitude as the headwaters of the Missouri River, there was some speculation that Gray and Vancouver had discovered the long-sought Northwest Passage. A British map showed a dotted line connecting the Columbia with the Missouri.
They explored a few miles upriver, as far as Bateman Islandbefore heading down the Columbia, concluding their journey at the river's mouth and establishing Fort Clatsopa short-lived establishment that was occupied for less than three months.
Over the next few years he explored much of the river and its northern tributaries. On his return to the north, Thompson explored the one remaining part of the river he had not yet seen, becoming the first European-American to travel the entire length of the river. For many the final leg of the journey involved travel down the lower Columbia River to Fort Vancouver. Bywhen the so-called "joint occupation" was renewed for an indefinite period, it seemed probable that the lower Columbia River would in time become the border.
For years the Hudson's Bay Company successfully maintained control of the Columbia River and American attempts to gain a foothold were fended off. In the s, American religious missions were established at several locations in the lower Columbia River region.
Confluence, Snake and Columbia Rivers | Discovering Lewis & Clark ®
In the s a mass migration of American settlers undermined British control. The Hudson's Bay Company tried to maintain dominance by shifting from the fur trade, which was in sharp decline, to exporting other goods such as salmon and lumber. Colonization schemes were attempted, but failed to match the scale of American settlement.
Americans generally settled south of the Columbia, mainly in the Willamette Valley. The Hudson's Bay Company tried to establish settlements north of the river, but nearly all the British colonists moved south to the Willamette Valley.
The hope that the British colonists might dilute the American flavor of the valley failed in the face of the overwhelming number of American settlers. These developments rekindled the issue of "joint occupation" and the boundary dispute. As part of the treaty, the British retained all areas north of the line while the U. The Columbia River became much of the border between the U.
" Where the Snake and Columbia Rivers... - Sacajawea State Park
Steamboats of the Columbia River ; Steamboats of the Columbia River, Wenatchee Reach ; and Shipwrecks of the inland Columbia River The mouth of the Columbia is just past Astoria, Oregon ; ships must navigate the treacherous Columbia Bar near horizon, not visible in this picture to enter or exit the river. The sternwheeler Hassalo runs the Cascades RapidsMay 26, The rapids are now submerged under the pool of the Bonneville Dam. Benson massive log raft containing an entire year's worth of logs from one timber camp heads downriver in American captain Robert Gray and British captain George Vancouver, who explored the river inproved that it was possible to cross the Columbia Bar.
Many of the challenges associated with that feat remain today; even with modern engineering alterations to the mouth of the river, the strong currents and shifting sandbar make it dangerous to pass between the river and the Pacific Ocean.
The boats, initially powered by burning wood, carried passengers and freight throughout the region for many years. Company of Merchants from Canada, finding the factory for this people inconvenient for them, do hereby intend to erect a factory in this place for the commerce of the country around.
Thompson, Junction of the Shawpatin River with the Columbia. This sign in reality signified that they lived near the river with many fish. The map, "Oregon State and Washington Territory," listed the drainage as "Lewis Fork or Snake River," but by the Washington Territory map had dropped all indications of the Lewis and Clark name for the river and established the name "Snake River".
In the U. Board of Geographic Names made official the name the "Snake River". River Mile RM 0.
Washington State Highway 12 Bridge According to the "bridgehunter. The eastbound lanes cantilever through truss bridge were built inwith a total length of 1, The first bridge crossing the Snake River near the mouth of the Columbia was built in and was known as the "Snake River Bridge at Burbank". This bridge replaced the existing ferry and carried a toll until It burned in September Image taken September 24, View from front car window while heading towards Pasco.
Hood Park, Washington, is a acre camping, boating, and day-use park, which is managed by the U. It is located 2. Click image to enlarge Snake River looking downstream from Hood Park. Image taken September 26, The early s was the "Golden Age of Postcards", with the "Penny Postcard" being a popular way to send greetings to family and friends.
Today the Penny Postcard has become a snapshot of history.
The Columbia River - Snake River, Washington
Click image to enlarge Penny Postcard: Snake River Bridge at Lewiston, Idaho, ca. In the private collection of Lyn Topinka. Ferry, Snake River, Idaho, ca. Ferry on the Snake River.